Cohesion is a foundational concept in K. Levin's theory of group dynamics. He defines cohesion as a "complete force field" that binds members within a group. The group's cohesion depends on its ability to meet people's needs for deep emotional connections, where various forms of communication beyond verbal, such as symbols and colors, play a vital role.
The influence of language and speech factors on the formation of our psyche and personality is the subject of research in the works of Noam Chomsky
, who presents a theory suggesting that the psyche is based on the grammar of language
. This explains the similarity among different languages worldwide, both semantically and syntactically. All languages possess abstract concepts, such as spirit or energy, and share a similar grammatical foundation, including verbs and nouns.
Kazimir Malevich conducted research into the fundamental principles of natural and symbolic language in painting, leading him to create the artwork "Black Square"
. This piece can be compared to the discovery of "zero" in the history of mathematics and significantly influenced the emergence of new artistic forms. Marina Abramović, in her work "The Artist is Present"
, expressed the language of art through emptiness, the absence of symbols and materials, even excluding body movement as a form of art. In her work, only she as the artist and her viewer remain, looking into each other's eyes
A person's identity is defined through their reflection in society, with art serving as a crucial medium for delving into the intricate relationship between individuals and their societal context. Artists interact and engage in a direct dialogue with society using new languages – creating a meta-language of the collective unconscious.
In everyday life, we engage with different people within specific conditions where space, words, behavior, symbols, premises, objects and rituals compose our language of communication. We are accustomed to communicating with others but only within culturally established boundaries. In such natural conditions, it's challenging to analyze the fundamental relationship between humans and society, without considering the cultural noise.
The practical works in the field of psychology by Bert Hellinger
highlight the importance of the connection between an individual's personality and the group, in which the group reflects the individual's personality
Every individual possesses traits within themselves that resemble various real-life characters, shaping our psyche as a collection of numerous personalities we've encountered or possibly not encountered. This phenomenon is attributed to the systematic structure of our society, where personalities systematically mirror one another. Our psyche has the capacity to retain hundreds of such personas, surfacing them in diverse situations or particular life stages. This method stimulates our psyche, temporarily allowing these personas to substitute for our own. This enables us to temporarily embody any personality, even that of a stranger, aiding individuals in surfacing and analyzing conflicting relationships.